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Type of protected area - Where it is located
Typology: Biotope; D.P.G.P. February 14, 1979 n. 54
Region: Trentino-Alto Adige
The Ice Hole / Eislöcher Biotope occupies an area of approximately 14.4 hectares, in the municipalities of Appiano on the Strada del Vino and Caldaro, a few kilometers from Bolzano (southwest).
Ice hole biotope / Eislöcher (photo www.eppan.com)
Ice holes are a unique natural phenomenon of great naturalistic interest. Air currents channeled between the cracks of large landslides cool down and favor persistent stagnation of ice. The surrounding environment, characterized by this thermal inversion, develops particular vegetative conditions. In the lower basins the alpine meadow grows where the Poa, followed by a form of shrub subalpine heath with rhododendron and cranberry, dwarf forms of larch, fir, birch and, therefore, mature conifers; at the upper edge of this area there is the thermophilic deciduous forest with black hornbeam, ash, downy oak, chestnut. More than 600 botanical species have been registered in the biotope.
Biotopes in South Tyrol
In South Tyrol a series of natural or naturalistic environments are protected in the form of biotopes, often also the product of man's creation or transformation. In fact, effective protection of rare or threatened animal and plant species takes place only thanks to the conservation of their natural habitats. Wetlands, still intact natural streams, ponds, peat bogs, arid meadows and riparian woods are increasingly rare. They constitute the vital habitat of singular typologies of flora and fauna.
The biotopes currently under protection in the Province of Bolzano are 175, and occupy a total area of 2,503 hectares, equal to approximately 0.35% of the provincial territory.
Information for the visit
Autonomous Province of Bolzano
Landscape Ecology Office
Palazzo 11, via Renon 4