Calafuria State Natural Reserve - Tuscany

Calafuria State Natural Reserve - Tuscany

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Type of protected area - Where it is located

Typology: State Natural Reserve; established with D.M.A.F. July 13, 1977.
Tuscany region
Province: Livorno

The Calafuria State Natural Reserve involves a coastal strip with holm oak, pine forests and Mediterranean scrub; the protected area occupies an area of ​​116 hectares in the Municipality of Livorno.

Torre di Calafuria - Calafuria Nature Reserve (photo


The Calafuria Biogenetic Nature Reserve occupies the western part of the Livornesi Mountains, including the entire promontory of Calafuria and extending internally in the northern part to include the state-owned forest that takes its name from the promontory. The Montaccio hillock, with its 246 m, is the highest elevation. From a geological point of view, it consists of an alternation of sandstone and clayey interlayers with outcrops of ophiolitic eruptive rocks, mostly gabbro, surrounded by the formations of oligocentric and Miocene scaly clay clays of the Livornesi Mountains. The landscape value of the area is given by the hilly hills of the hinterland, devoid of houses and agricultural crops, covered by coppice, which gently descend towards the sea and the morphological singularities of the coastal strip. The vegetation consists of a Mediterranean fort with a prevalence of aromatic plants, shrubs and small trees and a widespread presence of tall trees: holm oaks, Aleppo pines and maritime pines.
From a wildlife point of view, the nifidication of the magnanine, the solitary sparrow, the reddish swallow is reported. There are also numerous sylvan scrubs. The wood pigeon, the dove, the song thrush and the tuft marangone pass by. Numerous species of mammals are present in the area, including listrice, fox and wild boar.
The area, more inhabited in remote times, as evidenced by the findings of prehistoric stations dating back to the Palaeolithic era, was not affected by significant settlement phenomena due to the difficult accessibility. The strategic importance of the Calafuria promontory in the grand-ducal defense system is testified by the mug and Calafuria towers, built in the 16th century by the Medici to defend the coast from the Barbareschi.

Information for the visit

State Forestry Corps
Via Roma, 3
57023 Cecina (LI)

Video: Tuscany City Video Guide. Expedia (May 2022).