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Chicken breeds: Paduan

Chicken breeds: Paduan


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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Ancient Italian breed whose origins are still debated. According to Darwin, it was originally from Poland (probably arrived in Italy in 1300, perhaps by Giovanni Dondi DellOrologio, a Paduan nobleman, distinguished doctor and astronomer, fascinated by the beauty of these chickens).
Lorigine is still problematic and intertwines, in addition to the Polish hen, also with the Dutch one that has the tuft, but not the beard.
Many citations of the 16th century report the existence, in the Padua area, of a particularly productive and famous breed of chicken. The Paduan breed with a large tuft is described and illustrated in the work Ornithologiae by Ulisse Aldovrandi (1600).
The decline of the Paduan breed began as early as the 19th century.
At the beginning of the 20th century there are still a few thousand, but in the 60s they disappear almost definitively.
All breeders participating in the Presidium are part of the Pro Avibus Nostris Association at the San Benedetto da Norcia Professional Institute for Agriculture in Padua.
In addition to being an ornamental breed, it is well suited for income breeding, in particular to enhance niche productions or typical of protected areas. Good producer of large eggs (50-60 grams with a white shell). The meat is lean, pinkish white in color, with a very delicate flavor.
Sexual maturity is reached at six to seven months in males and about five to six months in females.
It is an officially recognized breed in Italy. Light, elegant, lively and ornamental chicken; confident character.
Females have a very poor hatching attitude. It is generally raised in purity and for the production of eggs.
There is also the dwarf variety.

Official Italian standard - Paduan

I - GENERALITIES
Origin: Italy. Very ancient breed, selected by crossing tufts of country chickens.
Egg: Minimum weight 50 g - Shell color: white.
Ring: Cock 18 mm - Hen 16 mm.
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Light, elegant, lively and ornamental chicken with medium long body, upright position; characterized by voluminous forelock and highly developed beard; confident character.
III - STANDARD - GENERAL APPEARANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BREED
1) FORM:
Trunk: Slightly elongated and inclined, wide at the shoulders, it narrows towards the rump. In the hen the form is more compressed and with a lower position; more horizontal habit of the rooster.
Head: Of medium size, with highly developed cranial hernia and voluminous tuft.
Beak: Strong, slightly arched, with very enlarged nostrils. The color changes in the various colors.
Eyes: Large, round, lively. Bruni; orange red in white and sparrow hawk colors.
Crest: Absent. The presence of small fleshy growths is not considered a defect.
Bargigli: Absent or barely hinted, however hidden by the beard.
Face: Red, covered with a thick beard.
Mumps: Very small, completely hidden by the beard and forelock.
Beard: Marked presence of beards and favorites, well-formed and with close-fitting plumage.
Tuft: In the globe-shaped full tuft; the narrow and pointed hanging feathers surround the head from behind and from the side; the underlying and front feathers support the tuft. In the hen large spherical, thick, firm, non-hanging tuft. The two-sex black tuft must not obstruct the view, grooming is allowed to improve it.
Neck: Of medium length, full with abundant cape.
Shoulders: Wide and rounded.
Back: Moderately long, carried slightly inclined towards the croup which is abundantly feathered.
Wings: Medium long, horizontal and close to the body.
Tail: full, half-open in the hen, wide in the rooster, with well-arched sickles. Tail angle of 40/45 ° in the cock and 30/35 ° in the hen.
Chest: Full, well rounded, carried high.
Legs: Legs on average long, evident, well feathered; tarsi of medium length, fine, without feathers, four fingers. The color varies in the various colors.
Belly: Well developed, soft.
White skin
2) WEIGHTS:
Rooster 2,0 - 2,3 Kg
Chicken 1,7 - 2,0 Kg
Serious defects: Position too low or too high. Weak trunk with pointed chest. Tuft too small, open falling or crooked; beard not sufficiently developed; very evident ridge formation; wattles or mumps visible; limited subject view.
3) PLUMAGE:
Well developed, but flat and adherent; with rounded pen tips, thick down.
Special advantages: Full, voluminous tuft, circular in shape in the rooster and ball-shaped in the hen; well-developed beard; abundant cape.
4) COLORS

Silver edged black, White, Blue edged, Suede edged white, Pearl gray, Black, Gold edged black, Sparrowhawk, Tricolor.

Breed of Paduan breed Silver with black rim (photo website)

Paduan hen Silver black rim (photo website)

Paduan rooster sparrow hawk (photo website)

Chickens - Atlas of breeds
Various Authors - Edagricole - November 2008

A guide for all fans of chickens and for those who want to get to know them. All breeds from A to Z and their characteristics in simple and complete tabs. For each breed: origin, diffusion, morphology, colors. Lab management and the tricks for the breeder and the enthusiast.
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