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Typical Italian products: Cannellino di Atina PDO bean

Typical Italian products: Cannellino di Atina PDO bean



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Production area

EC recognition: EU Reg. No. 699 of 04.08.10

Municipalities of Atina, Picinisco, Casalvieri and Gallinaro in the Province of Frosinone (Lazio).

History

The first information about the cultivation of the cannellino bean in the Atina area dates back to 1811, De Marco, in his writings, defines the Cannellino di Atina as "bean of excellent quality". Cirelli provides some significant data on agricultural production in 1853, specifying that two varieties are cultivated, the red and the white cannellino, the latter being more prized, was produced in greater quantities. Local production far exceeded the current provincial production reaching over 100 tons. More than 50% of this production was used by the peasants and the less well-off classes, almost 30% was destined for the consumption of the wealthy and only 20% was destined for sale, constituting a non-marginal income of the peasant families.
The cannellino bean, for at least two centuries, has been one of the main foods of local inhabitants and peasants in particular.

Cannellino di Atina Dop

Production regulations

Article 1
Name
The Protected Designation of Origin (D.O.P.) "Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina" is reserved exclusively for the legume which meets the conditions and requirements established by this production specification.

Article 2
Product description
The "Cannellino di Atina Bean" PDO designates the product obtained from the cultivation of the Phaseulus vulgaris L plant, the local ecotype "Cannellino di Atina".

Product features:

Upon release for consumption, the "Cannellino di Atina bean" must have the following characteristics:

Form: kidney-shaped, slightly elliptical and flattened

Dimension: length from 0.9 cm to 1.4 cm and width from 0.5 cm to 0.6 cm

Color : Matt White

tegumento: thin

Average weight per 100 seeds: from a minimum of 38 g to a maximum of 50 g

Moisture of dry beans at the time of marketing: ≤ 13%.

Organoleptic characteristics:

Tender and deliquescent epicarp on the palate after cooking. The "Bean Cannellino di Atina", unlike the other beans, does not need to be soaked before cooking.

Article 3
Production area
The production area of ​​the "Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina" Protected Designation of Origin is made up of the following communes in the province of Frosinone:

Municipality of Atina: fraction of Settignano, Oboca, Sacco, Sabina, S. Marciano and Case di Melfa Municipality of Villa Latina: fraction of Saccoccia

Municipality of Picinisco: fraction of Di Vito and Immoglie

Municipality of Casalvieri: hamlet of Guagno, Casal Delle Mole and Plauto Municipality of Casalattico: fraction of S. Nazzario and S. Gennaro

Municipality of Gallinaro: fraction of Rosanisco

Description of the perimeter of the production area:

The limit of the area starts from the course of the Melfa River at the Piana di Santa Lucia locality in the territory of the Municipality of Picinisco, just upstream of the Ponte Ascanio; from here it goes south following a mule track at the base of the slopes on the left of the riverbed, intersecting the Provincial Road Atina Inferiore - Picinisco alle Case Izzi ("Zarrelli" plant). The limit follows the same route, which has now become a road that can be traveled by car, to the locality of Mole di Vito, where it leaves the road track just upstream of the Ponte sul Melfa and begins to follow the level curve of 400 m above sea level. followed throughout the "Piana di Vito", cutting the Picinisco - Atina municipal border at the base of the north - eastern slopes of Colle Cimento up to the height of Rosanisco, where it follows the foothill path that leads to "il Re". From the locality Il Re the limit revolves around the base of Colle Vallepaura and aligns in the Northwest - Southeast direction following the level curve of 380 meters above sea level, at the base of the hilly slopes of "Spineto", until it joins the road that leads to the locality "Le Lamie". This is followed for a short distance and abandoned just before starting the climb, bending towards the riverbed of the Mollarino stream until it intercepts it; then the limit engages the 420 m level curve again intercepting the Atina - Picinisco Municipal Border near the locality Ponte Firenze. From here the limit coincides with the torrent auction up to the locality of Mola di Coppo, excluding the whole region to the right of the riverbed until it connects to the municipal road for Serre; the road is followed briefly until the beginning of the climb, then the limit turns west - east in alignment with the edge of the alluvial terrace of the Torrente, downstream of the Case Bianchini. This edge, clearly evident, is followed to the base of the slopes of the Immoglie and still further towards the locality of Molino Capaldi; here it crosses the riverbed of the Rava torrent to continue towards the southern slopes of San Gennaro, where the municipal access road is intercepted at the homonymous cemetery, then the former State Road no. 627 of the Vandra (American bridge). At the bridge, the limit closes by aligning itself with the Mollarino torrent rod and following it westwards to the Sant'Anna bridge, where it returns to follow the former state road towards the town of Villa Latina. At the "Fontana dei Bagni" locality, the limit leaves the road artery and begins to follow a regulation channel which runs parallel to it up to the Chapel of San Domenico; from here it aligns with the Provincial Road that leads to the historic center, including the whole region that extends to the west. Reached the height of the Church of the S.S. Annunziata the limit then aligns with a path that runs to the base of the southern slope of the Serra del Cavaliere (Madonna dell’Orto), following its direction Southwest - Northeast up to the height of Palazzo Franchi (Panetta Superiore). The limit turns here on itself, following the road parallel to the Rio di Villa Latina up to the intersection with the Municipal Road to the Colle Santo, it then aligns with the latter going down towards the Municipal Cemetery until the walls are drawn. From the cemetery the limit follows the road of the "Lanni" up to the source of the "Fontana Fredda" including the whole region downstream of the "Colozzi". From the locality of Colozzi the limit folds in a south-west direction following the level curve of 450 m above sea level; then it aligns with the base of the mountainous slope on the left of the Fosso dell'Oliva Sola, proceeding west beyond the inhabited area of ​​the Valenti, up to "Sacco"; here it goes beyond the Monte della Trinità running parallel to the Provincial Road to the historic center of Atina always at the base of the slope, including the whole alluvial region on the left of the Rio di Villa Latina until its confluence in the Mollarino torrent at Pié delle Piagge, where the former SS of the Vandra. The former state road is followed to the height of the intersection with the Via Comunale della Mola del Capitolo from where the limit bends towards the new Municipal Cemetery of Atina reaching the base of the Colle, bypassing the same; from here the aforementioned limit bends towards the incision of the Rio Cancello, then follows for short stretches the municipal road network of the valley heading towards the fast-flowing road Cassino - Avezzano. The route of the road artery is followed in the direction of Sora up to the underpass of the Municipal Road of Monte Cicuto, where the limit aligns with the northern slope of the Monte; finally it hooks up to the course of the Melfa River excluding the region on the left of the riverbed up to the height of the Serra, lapping the border with the Municipality of Casalattico. From the aforementioned locality it aligns again with the slope, intercepts the Provincial Road leading to the inhabited center and runs through it to the Sant'Andrea locality. From Sant'Andrea the limit runs parallel to the Via Comunale which leads to the Roman bridge over the Melfa River, at the height of which it begins to follow the level curve of 300 m above sea level. A little downstream of Plauto, the limit finally crosses the riverbed del Melfa entering Casalvieri territory, it rotates on itself following the 300 m isoipsa up to Casal delle Mole. From here the limit hooks up to the curve of 310 meters above sea level, follows it up to the right bank of the river rod, aligning itself to the mountain up to the height of Sant'Andrea. From here the limit follows the Melfa up to the point of affluence of the Rio Molle, where it begins to follow the minor riverbed in a northerly direction up to the bridge of the Roccasecca - Isernia Provincial Road; proceeds parallel to the curve of 316 m a.s.l. up to the Strada Comunale that from "Sorelle" leads to Muracce, going along a stretch up to the crossing on the Rio Nero. From Rio Nero the limit turns south, leaving the Comunale, until you meet the road to the "Sode" and going the same until the intersection with the former SS n. 627 of the Vandra. The former state road is followed in the direction of Atina Inferiore up to about 100 meters before crossing the Rio Molle, then the limit heads north following the level curve of 330 m above sea level. until intercepting the riverbed. From the intercept of the riverbed follows the Via Comunale which leads back to the former S.S. 627, following the latter to the inhabited area of ​​Atina Inferiore, where it includes the entire flat area on the right of the Melfa. From the "Ponte Melfa" the limit aligns with the Via della Ferriera up to beyond the aforementioned locality, where it runs at the base of the southern slopes of the Caira and Volante localities, along the curve of 360 m a.s.l. This curve is followed until it crosses the former S.S. 509 of Forca d’Acero, which is accompanied for a short distance in the territory of the Municipality of Gallinaro; the limit then returns to itself following the course of the Rio di Gallinaro up to the height of the intersection with the Via Comunale which leads to Colle Pizzuto, which is followed for a short distance. It is abandoned by bending in a southerly direction, according to the course of the Rio di Settefrati, until it intercepts a path that leads to Tufo. The area which, starting from the Provincial Road to Picinisco, in the Fregone area towards the West, intercepts the level curve of 380m above sea level, is excluded; it follows it northwards until it reaches the Rio Settefrati and northwards the municipal road. Here in a southerly direction, going beyond Tufo, it meets the starting point, in the locality. Fregone.

Returning from Tufo, follow the isoipsa of 390 meters above sea level; this level curve is followed along the stretch that embraces the Piana di Vito until it joins the Provincial Road for Picinisco near the Mole di Vito. The SP. marks the limit of the area up to almost the height of the Ascanio Bridge, where the level curve of 420 m above sea level is intercepted, followed until the closure on the Plain of Santa Lucia near "Borgo Castellone."

Article 4
Proof of origin
Each phase of the production process is monitored by documenting the inputs and outputs for each. In this way, and through the registration in special lists, managed by the control structure, of the cadastral parcels on which the cultivation takes place, of the producers and air conditioners, as well as through the timely reporting to the control structure of the quantities produced, the guarantee is guaranteed. product traceability. All natural or legal persons registered in the relevant lists will be subject to control by the control structure, in accordance with the provisions of the production specification and the related control plan.

Article 5
Obtaining method
Cultivation method:

The sowing, carried out by hand or with the seed drill, is practiced from 15 June to 15 July of each year.

The seed investment is 70-90 kg / ha.

No type of fertilization is allowed. The supply of nutrients is only the residual one of the possible cultivation precession with autumn-winter grasses.

Phytosanitary control is allowed in compliance with current legislation.

Irrigation is carried out every 6-10 days, using the waters of the Melfa river, the Mollarino stream and their tributaries with the sliding, rain or drop method.

The collection is carried out in the period between 10 September and 30 October of each year.

Once collected, the plants are placed for drying in covered or uncovered environments for a maximum period of 45 days from collection; subsequently they are subjected to threshing.

Subsequently, the product is subjected to the manual or mechanical selection phase in order to eliminate impurities and beans that do not correspond to the ideotype.

The production and packaging of the Cannellino bean from Atina must take place in the area delimited by art. 3 since the product that is not treated with any type of preservative, if transported would suffer from significant changes in temperature and humidity which, in addition to varying its organoleptic characteristics, would create the conditions for the rooting of the weevil making the bean unusable.

Article 6
Link with the environment
The Cannellino Bean of Atina "D.O.P. is considered a symbol of the culture and tradition of the territories of the production area as identified in art 3. Its denomination is attributable to the geographical area historically most suited to cultivation, which uniquely determines the peculiarities of the product, making it perfectly distinguishable and inimitable.
In fact, the organoleptic qualities of the "Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina" are due to the specific nature of the ecotype, but above all to the soil, defined as "focaleto", located along the banks of the Melfa river, the Mollarino stream and their tributaries, of alluvial origin and rich in manganese, very percolating and dark in color on which the bean is grown. This composition and structure of the cultivation soil determines the main characteristic of the product given by the presence of a thin integument, which makes the Cannellino di Atina bean more tender than that grown in other podiatry conditions and is the only one, in fact, that does not require to be soaked before cooking.
The water used for irrigation, coming from the Melfa river, the Mollarino torrent and their tributaries, is characterized by a very low phosphorus and nitrogen content, well below the allowed limits, witness of an absence of anthropic pollution ; Manganese, however, is present, albeit in low concentrations, which distinguishes the land on which the Cannellino di Atina bean is grown; calcium, present in an appreciable quantity, influences the quantity of pectins present in the final product.
Also from a climatic point of view, the production area is characterized by a very favorable situation for the cultivation of the Cannellino di Atina bean. In fact, this crop is characterized by an exclusively summer and rather short production cycle (75-95 days), which for its growth requires rather high daytime temperatures and relatively low nighttime temperatures. The temperature range between day and night, typical of the cultivation area, influences the growth of the plant and consequently the characteristics of the final product.
Precipitation is concentrated mainly in the autumn-winter period, although frequent summer rains are such as to reduce, or even render absent, the dry season in the months of July and August.
The human factor contributes significantly to obtaining a good product. A large part of the resident population of the area cultivates the Cannellino Bean of Atina with passion and competence, using techniques handed down from generation to generation. The seed which is annually self-reproduced at company level is jealously guarded.
In a particularly depressed area from an economic and employment point of view, where the phenomenon of emigration is still strongly present, the "rediscovery" of the Cannellino di Atina bean constitutes a concrete employment outlet.
The historical elements of the "Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina" PDO are certainly not lacking. In fact, there are many testimonies, which attest to how this legume has become part of local society. Already in 1811 Demarco defined the "Cannellino di Atina bean" of excellent quality, as well as Cirelli in "Il Regno delle due Sicilie" (Vol. III 1855/60) provides very significant statistical data on agricultural production in 1853, and between he mentions the production of the "Bean Cannellino di Atina" of Agro di Atina equal to 2500 tomoli per year. The "Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina" was widespread in the Visocchi farms, where beans were grown in their three different qualities: beans banks, better known as Cannellini di Atina, red beans and mixed beans. The "Cannellino Bean of Atina" has always been the main food of the farmers, who cooked it in the characteristic "pignata" and share it with a drizzle of olive oil; in the past it represented the single meal at noon. From the records shown on the Mastri you can learn that the beans, in addition to being intended for family consumption and for sale, were given to acquaintances and relatives, precisely because they are qualitatively very valuable.
From an economic point of view, the cultivation of the "Cannellino bean from Atina" represents one of the highest income crops in the valley, together with the cultivation of vineyards and olives.
This legume also has a significant influence on local gastronomy, being a basic ingredient of many traditional recipes from the area. Its name has now entered forcefully in the use of common and commercial language as widely testified by the numerous recipes, invoices, labels, and advertising brochures.

Article 7
Controls
The control on the conformity of the product to the specification is carried out by a control structure in compliance with the provisions of articles 10 and 11 of EC Reg. N. 510/06. This structure is the public authority of the Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Crafts and Agriculture of Frosinone address: Viale Roma, 03100 Frosinone, Tel. 0775.2751 - Fax 0775.270442 E-mail [email protected]

Article 8.
Labeling
packing

The types of packaging allowed are:

        • bags from 250 g to 5 kg.

        • 250 g vacuum bags. to 5 Kg.

        • 250 g trays. at 3 Kg.

        • vacuum trays from 250 g to 3 kg.

        • frozen in the packages above

Labeling

The package must bear the following additional indications on the label with clear and legible printing characters, in addition to the Community graphic symbol and related information and information corresponding to the legal requirements:

  • "Cannellino di Atina bean" followed by the acronym DOP (Protected Designation of Origin);

  • The name, company name, address of the manufacturing and packaging company;

The addition of any qualification not expressly provided for is prohibited. However, the use of indications referring to private brands is allowed, provided that they do not have a laudatory meaning or are such as to mislead the consumer, an indication of the name of the company from which the product derives plots, as well as others truthful and documentable references that are permitted by EU, national or regional legislation and do not conflict with the purposes and contents of this specification.

The name "Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina" is untranslatable.

Logo

The logo, of the denomination “Fagiolo Cannellino di Atina”, is made up of two concentric circles of patinated pantone color 7522:

  • the inner one is on an orange background, corresponding to the patinated pantone 7416, has an Havana-colored cannellino bean with patone patina 727, a garland below with green leaves corresponding to patinated pantone 361, patinated pantone color branch 7522 and coated pantone red ribbon 185, over the bean there is a crown drawn with 100% black lines colored internally with pantone green patinated 582 and externally with patone pantone yellow 604; above the crown is the wording D.O.P. with Times New Roman font and 100% black color.

  • the outer and inner circles are delimited by a wire of at least 1 pt of brown color corresponding to the patinated pantone 7522; among these is the bold writing "Fagiolo cannellino di Atina", having a Times New Roman font, 100% black in color, while at the top there are three yellow pantone patinated stars 394, on a blue pantone patinated background 286 adjacent with the Italian tricolor having the color pantone green patinated 361, white 100%, pantone red patinated 185,

The logo can be proportionally adapted to the various declinations of use.


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