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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
The first Bali were imported in 1925 into England from Malaysia, by ladies Davidson and Chisholm, passionate breeders of the Indian Corritories. Those years were a hectic period for British breeders, full of discoveries, studies, imports and creations of new breeds.
The breed takes its name from the island of Bali, where the ladies thought it originated. Since the first imports, the Bali resembled the Indian corrector in all, with the only difference relating to the shape of the beak that resembled the shape of the spoon (with the beak slightly upwards). Egg production is the same as for the Indian corrector. Bali is none other than the Indian corrector who owns the tufted gene mutation.
The first standard was created in England in 1930, the white color is the most common and known, but today there are a dozen other colors.
According to the literature, the first Tufted Ducks in Europe occurred in Holland in the 17th century, but we don't know if there were connections between the Indonesian Bali and the Dutch Tufted Ducks. It is certain, however, that the tuft was created naturally through a mutation and subsequently man selected it for ornamental purposes. The tufted gene also appeared in many species of ducks and wild swans in various areas of the world. It cannot be excluded that the Dutch merchants who traveled throughout the 16th and 17th centuries between the Indonesian islands and the motherland had not imported any tufted specimens. Certainly there is the presence of Tufted Ducks in many paintings of wealthy Dutch owners in the seventeenth century, as if it were a status symbol to own these domestic ducks.
The morphological characteristics are the same as those of the Indian corrector, slender, elegant, thin, practically perpendicular and straight bearing, especially if the animal is frightened. Usually he has a frenetic and never relaxed behavior. When not alarmed or when moving, the body can be tilted between 50 and 80 degrees. The chest must never be prominent and clearly detached from the neckline. The ideal shape is that of the cone or the soda bottle, the line from the neck down to the belly must be sweet. This defect is typical in females.
The tufted gene is a lethal gene, if it manifests itself in its homozygous form it kills the duckling inside the egg, during incubation. In the heterozygous form the tuft is transmitted to the ducklings. Therefore, by coupling two tufts, we will have:
25% ducklings homozygous for the tufted gene that will die inside the egg,
50% ducklings heterozygous for the tufted gene and will be born with tufts of various sizes,
25% ducklings homozygous for the normal gene without tuft.
If only one of the parents carries the tufted gene with them, the births should show the tuft in 50% of the cases, in the remaining 50% they will be without tuft.
The above percentages are subject to possible variations.
- Males: 2.3 kg
- Females 1.8 kg
curated by Giacomo Cellini
White Bali specimens, from Richard Sadler's cattery (UK)
Breed standard - FIAV
I - GENERALITIES
Bali origin. Imported in Europe in 1925 and standardized in England in 1930.
Egg: Minimum weight g.65.
Shell color: varies from white to greenish blue.
Male and female ring: mm. 14
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Elegant duck, characterized by erect posture and almost vertical position, and by the presence of a small and proportionate tuft of feathers on the head. Do not expect the finesse of the Indian corrector.
III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
Trunk: slender and cylindrical, with slightly hinted shoulders. The front is quite prominent, giving it a not too thin appearance.
Head: fine and rounded, provided with a simple and small globular tuft on the back.
Beak: straight and wide. Color depending on the variety.
Eyes: implanted very high, under the cranial vault. Color from brown to dark brown.
Neck: thin and long enough, harmoniously attached to the shoulders.
Back: slightly rounded.
Wings: of medium length, flow rates detected and well adherent to the body.
Tail: short, the back line continues.
Legs: placed wide. Strong legs, positioned in the back part of the trunk. Long tarsi with fine boning.
Belly: not evident. Smooth and full.
2 - WEIGHTS
- Male 2.3 kg.
- Female 1.8 kg.
Serious faults: Type too similar to the Indian corrector or to the Tuft. Any type of spinal deformity; twisted neck; crooked beak; tail folded to one side; hint of keel; strongly crossed wings. Not quite erect habit and short and heavy trunk. Strongly irregular tuft, too large or too small, hanging on one side or divided.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: Conformation: adherent and rigid.
IV - COLORS:
Male and female: Pure white plumage. Blue iris. Yellow-orange beak. Orange tarsiers.
Defects Serious yellow reflections; presence of other colored pens.