Breeds of dogs: Rottweiler

Breeds of dogs: Rottweiler

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Origin, classification and history

Origin: Germany.
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

Its origin is common to most molossoids; it is therefore remote and has the Tibetan Mastiff as its ancestor. Molossian type dogs were present throughout Germany as early as ancient times. These dogs were named after the different area of ​​this country. The name of this breed in fact derives from that of the city of Rottweiler, where the "dog of the butchers" was widespread, an ancient dog capable of defending the property, guarding, pulling carts and performing many other uses. Today it is a very feared dog, because of people who buy it only to have a fearsome dog, training it incorrectly. In reality the Rottweiler, despite being a dog predisposed to defense, is fundamentally good and always loyal.

General aspect

Above average dog size. His body is well muscled and slightly elongated compared to height. Compact and very vigorous dog. It is a breed that evokes strength, but also elasticity and great resistance. Very muscular body with excellent tone. It has exceptionally strong jaws.


He is a calm dog, faithful to those he considers friends, but proves to be a very fearful defender and guardian of intruders or strangers. It is a race with great courage. It features a very powerful bite. It is also considered an excellent dog for family and pets. Incredible to say, but he is also considered an excellent track dog. It is a very interesting breed for its multiple aptitudes. It is easily trainable, in fact most of the specimens of this breed are. Almost all the subjects are very dominant. Absolutely you should never accentuate the aggressiveness of this breed. As far as health is concerned, it is a very rustic and robust dog, which has no particular problems of any kind. You can very well keep it at home, where you love to be, but you can also live outdoors, as long as you are assured of the right daily physical exercise.

Nalle, Rottweiler puppy at 6 months (owned by Luca Dioguardi

Rottweiler (website photo)


- males between 61 and 68 cm
- females between 56 and 63 cm.

Trunk: well-muscled trunk, slightly elongated compared to height; compact and vigorous, evoking strength, resistance and elasticity. Wide and deep chest; back is straight, robust and taut.
Head and muzzle: the head is imposing, of medium length; the muzzle is as long as the skull (1: 1 ratio).
Truffle: very broad, with well-opened nostrils; always dark.
Teeth: complete in development and number. Very strong teeth.
Neck: robust and dry, free of dewlap.
Ears: they are of medium size, hanging, triangular in shape, very far apart, attached high.
Eyes: they are very dark, medium size, almond-shaped.
Limbs: they are well in the lead, of robust bone structure, well muscled.
Shoulder: with good inclination.
Gait: fast, loose and easy. Quick in movement.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: the robust tail was traditionally cut short and carried horizontally. Currently the standard provides that the queue can no longer be amputated, but this rule is not followed in all countries but, for example, in Germany yes.
Hair: of medium length, hard, compact, adherent, relaxed; presence of undercoat.
Allowed colors: black with well-defined markings, of a saturated tawny brown color, on the cheeks, on the eyes, on the muzzle, on the lower part of the neck, on the chest, on the inside of the limbs, on the root of the tail.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, irregular appendages, incorrect movement, ambit, aggressive or shy character, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, deviated jaw, clear eye, badly worn ears, lack of premolars, depigmented truffle, defective back, hare foot, narrow head, long muzzle , measures out of standard, colors not allowed, excessive markings or placed in areas not foreseen by the standard, insufficient angles, insufficient musculature.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: The History of the Rottweiler (August 2022).