Pigeon breeds: Galati capitombolant

Pigeon breeds: Galati capitombolant

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Origin of the Romanian Capitulant of Galati (Galazi) or Rotator or Roller of the Danube

It is believed, although there is no written evidence, that the first tumblers arrived in Romania from the Byzantine Empire, brought by merchants and sailors who resided in the city of Galati. This pigeon was widespread both in the Black Sea basin and in the former USSR and being highly appreciated by breeders, it contributed to the creation of many Russian and Romanian breeds.
Given the large distribution area and thanks to the continuous exchanges of animals, the breed possessed a great genetic variability as well as a discreet phenotypic polymorphism, in fact there were many types and colors, including subjects with exceptional acrobatic and flight qualities.
The development of the current breed took place in three stages. Initially the attention of the breeders was turned to the acrobatic qualities, but subsequently the color and the shape were also considered.

Breed description

Colombo of medium size, well proportioned, with lively temperament typical of high aerobatic pigeons. It has the main characteristic of performing 5 types of acrobatics during the flight, flying high until it is no longer visible to the naked eye (above 1400 meters).

Breed characteristics

HEAD: oval, medium-large with a broad forehead which together with the beak forms a curved line downwards. It can have a forelock, double forelock or be smooth. The tuft extends from one ear area to another.
EYES: white or gray, some very rarely have orange eyes. Single-colored white subjects have black eyes. In some cases they can be of two different colors.
SPOUT: length 16-20 mm, white in color, wide at the base, wedge-shaped when the jaws are closed, slightly inclined downwards.
NECK: medium length, thick at the base, kept vertical.
CHEST: Wide, well rounded, with the sternum straight.
SHOULDERS: wide, slightly inclined towards the tail.
WINGS: long and wide, they are supported above the tail but sometimes they can be carried underneath.
TAIL: long and wide with the helmsman in number of 12-16.
FEET: strong red color, no feathers with white nails. Length about 7 cm.
HABIT: elegant, with chest stretched forward and back line gently descending towards the tail.
PLUMAGE: rich, soft and close to the body.
COLOR: as far as the colors are concerned, there are two categories: the piebalds and the single-colors, which include several varieties.

Blue, black, red and yellow.
In the dappled blue the shades of color can vary from light blue to gray and for this reason they can also be called gray dappled. They have two black or dark brown bars on the wings. On the latter the color can be evenly distributed and the pigeons thus taking the name of shields.
In the black piebalds the beak can be white or pink. The tail can be black or white but it can present helmsman of both colors. The black piebalds with black breasts are called Cossacks. On the lateral parts of the jaw they can have two black spots called cheeks, the eyes can be orange or white and in some cases they can have one white and one orange.
The color must have the following breakdown:

Head: must be the same shade as the base covering the pigeon. From the beak line to the top of the head it may be white, but all colored heads are also allowed.
Neck: can be both white and colored.
Chest: can be both white and colored (the Cossacks are an exception).
Tail: can be of the same basic color as the pigeon, or white. The blue variety has a black border at the apex of the helmsmen.

Shields: must have a marked and homogeneous pigmentation on the wings (red, yellow, blue and black); the head, chest, abdominal region, primary remiges and tail are white.

Cossacks: they are predominantly black, including legs. Some have two or four white remiges in the center of the tail; the chest must be tie and the affected area can be more or less extended. This variety should be forelock.

Blue: as for the piebalds, there are different shades that can vary from light blue to dark blue. They are pigeons of medium height and with strong bones and have two black or brown bars on the shields.
Blacks: also called crows, they have an intense black plumage and have green metallic reflections on the neck. Most of these pigeons carry wings below the tail line. Preferably both the beak and the nails should be white, some may have a small spot on the beak.
Red: they exist in all shades of red but subjects with the color of ripe black cherry are preferred.
Yellows: they exist in all shades of yellow and subjects with dark and soft plumage are preferable.

Whites: derive from black or blue piebalds, the eyes must be black, but in the past they could also have white. They wear wings below the line of the tail and the pygmy gland may not be present.

Dapper of Galati dappled blue

Black piebald Galati capitombolant

Cossack Galatians capitulator

Flight characteristics

The Capitombolante di Galati is a high flight pigeon capable of performing different types of somersaults.

Types of somersaults

The number of somersaults (game) can vary from 1/5 (short), from 5/10 (medium) and over 10 (long chain).
The somersaults (game) can be performed in many ways: reversed 360 degrees from the right or left side, jumping backwards keeping the wings open, chain diagonally and in several parts or a combination of the figures previously mentioned.
The animals must reach a high altitude, reaching more than 1500 meters, and therefore disappear from view, in fact the dove after 1400 meters is no longer visible.

Card edited by Nicusor Anghele

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