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Wildlife in Italy: Muraiola lizard

Wildlife in Italy: Muraiola lizard


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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Reptiles
Order: Squamata
suborders: Sauri
Family: lizards
Kind: Podarcis
Species: P. muralis

The wall lizard (Podarcis muralis) is widespread throughout Italy. It prefers dry stone walls exposed to the sun. He also lives in areas heavily inhabited by humans and is not afraid of them. It is preyed on by mammals (also domestic, such as cats), birds of prey, snakes. When captured, it implements the autotomy strategy: contracts the muscles to detach the tail to escape the predator, over time the tail will grow back.

Distinctive characters

It is 15 to 25 cm long including the tail. The back is dark gray or brown, sometimes with dark green streaks. The belly is lighter, until it appears whitish. Females and young specimens may have a dark line that delimits the lateral region.

Biology

It feeds on insects, larvae, caterpillars. During the mating season, males compete for the female. During mating, the male grasps the female with the mouth, on the back or on the side, sometimes leaving the sign of the bite. The female lays about ten eggs in a ravine or a hole dug in the ground and does not provide parental care to newborns, who are already autonomous.

Wall Lizard - Podarcis muralis (photo http://buprestidae.blogspot.com)

Wall Lizard - Podarcis muralis (photo www.david.element.ukgateway.net)

curated by Ivana Stella


Video: Wall lizards of the dark! Italian wall lizards.. (July 2022).


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