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Wildlife in Italy: Common sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Wildlife in Italy: Common sandpiper Calidris ferruginea


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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Caradriformi
Family: sandpipers
Kind: Calidris
Species: ferruginea

The common sandpiper is a small bird typical of wetlands that nests in the Russian arctic and spends the winter mainly in Africa, Asia and Australia. A specimen in a migratory stop was observed in August 2007 in the Dosson area in Val di San Valentino, on the side of the Rendena valley, in the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park (Trentino).

Common sandpiper Calidris ferruginea (photo www.birdingfaqs.com)

Common sandpiper Calidris ferruginea (photo Emanuele Stival www.emanuelestival.eu)

Distinctive characters

Length: 180-190 mm
Wingspan: 420-460
Weight: 60-70 grams

Similar in size to the Piovanello pancianera, in bridal livery it is recognized for the rusty red ventral regions and for the beak more curved downwards. The young and adults in winter plumage are distinguished from the black dolphin by the slightly longer legs, the white rump, without a black central band, and by the more yellowish-red bib.
Free of sexual dimorphism. Reddish brown down jacket with wide dark streaks and black spots.

Biology

Nesting period: June-July. In the nest, built between the mosses and the tufts of grass, 4 olive green mottled black brown eggs are laid. The incubation and breeding of the chicks are carried out by the female only.
Migrates in April-May and July-September.
Voice: a metallic duritit dirrit. It nests in the Asian tundra; during the pass appears in central and western Europe; it frequents marine coasts, ponds, marshes and rotting.


Video: Curlew sandpiper,PiovanelloCalidris ferrugineaRinged Plover,Corriere grosso Charadrius hiaticula (May 2022).